The Montessori classroom is divided into several areas including language art, sensorial exercises, cultural activities, practical life and mathematics. Classrooms include a classroom library. Each area is made up of one or more shelf units and display cabinets with a wide variety of materials on open display ready for use as children select them. Each classroom is directed by a teacher who has the necessary skills, experience and qualifications for the program.
Dr. Montessori “re-invented” the classroom. She called this “the prepared environment.” The “prepared environment” is carefully planned so that the “materials for development” are scientifically arranged for the child so that he or she can spontaneously explore, choose and progress at his or her own individual pace.
According to Dr. Maria Montessori , " The child, given primary respect, makes spontaneous choices within the prepared environment and is free to create himself".
The Practical Life area is essential for a strong Montessori educational foundation. In this area a child is learning control of movement (fine motor skills), concentration span, self-confidence and a love of learning. These activities replicate real life experiences which include self-care, care of the environment, grace and courtesy, washing, cleaning up, gardening, dressing and undressing. While doing these exercises, the child develops concentration, independence and control over his/her motor skills.
The Sensorial area of the classroom helps children become more aware of details that are often overlooked. Each activity focuses on one quality such as color, weight, shape, size, texture, sound or smell. The Sensorial area of the classroom builds the child’s concentration for a broadened awakening of a child's five senses, such as their sense of smell, taste, hearing, sight and touch and increase the child’s ability to discriminate sensorial impressions.
The Culture area of the classroom encompasses a variety of subjects that are supplementary to the Montessori Method. Cultural subjects include: Geography, Foreign Languages, Science, Botany, Zoology, and Art & Music. Studying these subjects provide children an opportunity to explore their curiosity of different and worldly ideas.
Montessori Language activities are designed to improve a child’s vocabulary, listening skills for common sounds, and differentiating between objects and pictures. Language activities include learning the shapes and sounds of letters, practicing fine motor skills by writing, vocabulary development, matching words and pictures, enunciation, and articulation of ideas, reading development with word lists, practicing parts of grammar (nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.), creating sentences and reading silently.
Montessori students explore the quantities, symbols, sequence and operations of basic facts by using solid materials. These hands-on experiences help them to understand the mathematical concepts.
Beside these five main areas of instruction, The Discovery Montessori also offers, Arts and Craft, Physical Education, Elementary French and Music program for children.